What Is Environmental Toxicology and What Does an Environmental/General Toxicologist Do?

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What Is Environmental Toxicology and What Does an Environmental/General Toxicologist Do?

What Is Environmental Toxicology and What Does an Environmental/General Toxicologist Do?

Environmental toxicology, commonly abbreviated ‘Entox,’ is a branch of applied science that seeks to explain naturally- and artificially-produced pollutants (toxins) in the environment and how they [harmfully] affect organisms and whole ecological systems. Some of the most common uses for environmental toxicology included are discussed in pointers below:

• Medical toxicology in research, prevention, and for providing evidence for court cases (in instances such as malpractice or wrongful/negligent exposure to things like lead, toxic Mold, and asbestos)

• For expert forensic toxicologists’ testimonies in civil and criminal litigation

• To help better understand the effects of pollutants in the air, ground, and water-and the biological and ecological problems they cause

• Conducting research to help draft legislation that will regulate artificially created pollution better

• Helping manufacturers create safe, non-toxic products by testing and analyzing the long-term effects of various materials like lead and mercury

In addition, the term ‘Entox’ is often used interchangeably with other, similar fields such as nephrology, clinical pharmacology, forensic toxicology, ecotoxicology, chemodynamics, and environmentalism.

Where Are All These ‘Environmental Toxicologists’?

Practically everywhere, in one form or another. These professionals are most prominently found in the following fields: government research firms (like the EPA), pharmaceutical companies, higher education institutions, and consulting agencies. The majority of environmental toxicologists working for the federal government live and/or work in the Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, and North Central U.S., while many private-sector ones are additionally spread throughout the South and Southwest.

A Sample Case Study in Entox: Toxic Mold Exposure

Toxic Mold is dangerous to the involved victims. Most frequently occurring at home and in the workplace, exposure can lead to severe allergic reactions, nervous system implications, and fungal/mycotoxin infections. Mold litigation is one of the most common types of court cases in the wrongful exposure category, trailing only behind asbestos and lead exposure.

Mold spores, or a particular breed of fungi, form when the location is right and certain conditions are ripe-that is, in dark, humid/moist environments with poor ventilation. They’re common in all sorts of places: buildings with prior water damage, around leaky plumbing, on or in walls, in carpet padding, humid basements and so forth. Toxicologists also cite that even dangerous levels of Mold may not emit strong odors, making detecting it even harder.

Additional Areas Where Toxicology Research is Important and Crucial

• Internal medicine, medical causation and veterinary research as well

• Expert witness services/litigation

• Chemical

• Environmental ecology

• Biochemistry

• Reproductive

• Occupational and Developmental

 

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